The 600 years celebration from the first documentary certification
when the elder of the Croatian's come here and settle down on
the river valley Caras in Romanian Banat.
the book "PROTOCOLU PROVINCIAE BULGARIAE ET VALACHIAE" at page
247 it is registered the year 1393, in the time when the king
SIGISMUND-king of Hungary had started the settlements of the
elder. These emigrants had started to organize the settlements
in different regions of Banat . They were settled in these
regions: Lipova, Recas, Lugoj, Caransebes and so on, along
with priest monks from the Franciscan Order. The same historical
source confirms that the Franciscans, at king's Louis (Ludovic)
invitation, came from Bosnia to "christianitizate" the Bulgarian
population who could be found in king's Louis custody.
Franciscans were sent by Bosnia's episcopacy, Brother Pellegrino,
and started the christianitization mission, exactly like that
in the Bulgarian province, to advice the population to Jesus
Christ's education and His church; especially those heretics
who were called "Bogumil - Patareni". The king settled them
here to guard the border by ottoman assaults. In later writings,
but and in the oral transmission of the people the year 1434
– 1443 remains registered, under the Franciscans order the
people from Turkish Bosnia to come and populate the regions
from Banat. Along with these emigrants, came and the elder
of "the carasovani" from cities like: Kruševac, Kraševci, Kuševo,
Kruševljani or Krašovani, remembering their actual denomination
from the word "Kruševljani" and not the Turkish word "Caras"
which means "water".
is that reminds a single place
from Bosnia – Kreševo- one of the eldest words which reseals the
denomination "Karaševci – Bošnjaci".
first document reveals that here were settled after the great battle
from „Mohaci” in year 1526. The people split to the south of Hungary
and the other half like it says: „ad horrida et aspera loca Carasovensia”,
that is why the Franciscans note: „No wonder of their temperament,
aggressive and rugged, because they lived in the woods and
mountains getting use to hard life. These poor people which
sat down in Lipova, Maria Radna, Recas, Carasevo and other
regions were helped by the Franciscan's in the education and
were grown in catholically belief and were safe till year 1600
when dame Barbara of Lugoj gives a few domains to the priests
to fight against Rakoczi's Calvin's who had begun to occupy
territories. After these social transformations here appear
the names of the villages: Caraşevo, Lupac, Clocotici, Kalina,
Nermet, Vodnik, Rafnic and Iabalcea but the traditional objectives
differ from the Romanian ones. The speech of these Carasovan's
differs form the original that is used by the people. "Ab ordinaria
lingua illyrica" (Historia par. ecclesiae Rafnicensis, pag.14
- Croatian colony and romano-catolic school).
the preface "Cata1ogus administraturum parochiae Karasovensis"
it is mentioned the Franciscans sacrifice from Bosnia Argentines
who have bought the sacred word's of belief and the Saint Sacraments.
These helped them to defend their belief over centuries. We
find here a few documents written in Brother Emerik Pavić's
time who was one of the 16 Franciscan priests. The last 4 were:
bro. Ante from Višegrad; bro. Marko from Gradiška; bro. Nikola
from Duvno and bro. Fillip killed in Caraşova "ab rebelis"
like it says in the chronic in these group they were others:
bro. Ivan from Maglai; bro. Seraphim from Olovo; bro. Ludovik
from Dubrovnik, bro. Božo from Kotor; bro. Seraphim from Kopilovaţ
and bro. Franjo from Đakovo, well almost all of them are borne
1726 Carasova becomes the center of the order from Banat .
Priest Michael Lovinić is called the apostle of Carasovans
and this priest will raise a beautiful church in baroc stile.
After two years the apostle dies in 1728, he is buried under
the principal altar of his church. Michael Lovinić is original
from Bosnia - Kraljeva Sutjeska- till 1740 here will come
priests in his name P.Vjenceslav Veigl, P. Stjepan Mikša, P. Josip
Locatelli, and P. Josip Fabijanović. In the same year these
priests retreat to Timisoara and the parish from Carasova was
taken-over by the Franciscan monks. Interesting is that they
don't remind their natal places, just their Croatian names:
Franić, Zetić, Grozdić...
year 1745 the Franciscan monks are at the lead in the church
in Carasova, but in year 1785 they give the lead to a priest
(Michael Delarić) brought by the episcopacy. The Franciscans
remain at Carasova just like vicars.
these documents are not known by the Croatian carasovans but
the most important is that this ethnic enclave is continuing
to exist, to maintain the language, and traditional habit and
national conscience. In the last time because of the historical
and geographical transformations from Europe , the people are
confronting the tendetionist propaganda and they don't know
must be searched in every chronic which exist in every church
from Carasova regions and in the Austro-Hungarian and Vatican
achieves and files, because these orders were very important
to moral and spiritual life of Carasovan Croatian people.
realize this goal it must be made a literal or historical manifestation
and trough religious eulogium in the church's cadre, servicing
the moral continuity - spiritual of the Carasovan community.
This jotting is Saint for the catholically church from which
we belong to.